Intragenic mutations were isolated that suppressed the dominant-lethal phenotype of the YPT1ile121 mutant gene in a temperature-dependent fashion. Among different amino acid substitutions resulting from single point mutations, two, Ala161----Val (A161V) and Met165----Ile (M165I), restored the function of the YPT1ile121 mutant protein. Mutants expressing the YPT1ile121/val161 allele (ypt1ts) only, grew normally at temperatures up to 30 degrees C but were arrested at 37 degrees C. At the restrictive temperature, ypt1ts mutants accumulated ER membranes, small vesicles, and unprocessed invertase, and they exhibited cytoskeletal defects and an enhanced 45Ca2+ uptake. Similar alterations were seen in YPT1-depleted cells. The ypt1ts mutant cells could be rescued from growth arrest by increasing extracellular Ca2+, and, even at the permissive temperature, they displayed increased trifluoperazine sensitivity.