Findings From a Probability-Based Survey of United States Households About Prevention Measures Based on Race, Ethnicity, and Age in Response to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2

J Infect Dis. 2020 Oct 13;222(10):1607-1611. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiaa554.

Abstract

We investigated individual behaviors taken by white, African American, and Latino United States (US) households in response to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), and likelihood of using digital tools for symptom surveillance/reporting. We analyzed cross-sectional week 1 data (April 2020) of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Impact Survey in a large, nationally representative sample of US adults. In general, all groups engaged in the same prevention behaviors, but whites reported being more likely to use digital tools to report/act on symptoms and seek testing, compared with African Americans and Latinos. Individual behaviors may not explain COVID-19 case disparities, and digital tools for tracking should focus on uptake among race/ethnic minorities.

Keywords: COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; digital health; disparities; prevention; surveillance.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • African Americans / psychology*
  • Age Factors
  • Attitude to Health / ethnology*
  • Betacoronavirus*
  • COVID-19
  • Coronavirus Infections / epidemiology*
  • Coronavirus Infections / ethnology*
  • Coronavirus Infections / prevention & control
  • Coronavirus Infections / virology
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • European Continental Ancestry Group / psychology*
  • Family Characteristics
  • Female
  • Health Status Disparities
  • Hispanic Americans / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Infection Control / methods
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pandemics / prevention & control
  • Pneumonia, Viral / epidemiology*
  • Pneumonia, Viral / ethnology*
  • Pneumonia, Viral / prevention & control
  • Pneumonia, Viral / virology
  • Probability
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • United States / epidemiology
  • United States / ethnology
  • Young Adult