BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Imeglimin is a novel oral antidiabetic drug to treat type 2 diabetes, targeting the mitochondrial bioenergetics. In vitro, imeglimin was shown to be a substrate of human multidrug and toxic extrusion transporters MATE1 and MATE2-K and organic cation transporters OCT1 and OCT2. The objective of the study was to assess the potential drug-drug interaction between imeglimin and cimetidine, a reference inhibitor of these transporters.
Methods: A phase 1 study was carried out in 16 subjects who received a single dose of 1500 mg imeglimin alone on day 1 followed by a 6-day treatment (day 5 to day 10) with cimetidine 400 mg twice daily. On day 8, a single dose of imeglimin was co-administered with cimetidine. Blood and urine samples were collected up to 72 h after each imeglimin administration. Pharmacokinetic parameters were determined using non-compartmental methods.
Results: Imeglimin maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) and area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) were 1.3-fold [90% CI (1.12-1.62) and (1.10-1.46) for Cmax and AUC0-last, respectively] higher when imeglimin was co-administered with cimetidine but this increase was not considered clinically relevant. This increase could be mainly explained by a reduction in renal elimination, mediated through the cimetidine inhibition of renal MATE1 transporter. Imeglimin taken alone or with cimetidine was safe and well tolerated in all subjects.
Conclusions: No clinically significant drug-drug interaction exists between imeglimin and cimetidine, a reference inhibitor of MATE1, MATE2-K, OCT1 and OCT2 transporters.
Clinical trial registration: EudraCT 2018-001103-36.