Fixed-dose combination of amlodipine and atorvastatin improves clinical outcomes in patients with concomitant hypertension and dyslipidemia

J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2020 Oct;22(10):1846-1853. doi: 10.1111/jch.14016. Epub 2020 Aug 29.


Hypertension and dyslipidemia are important risk factors for cardiovascular disease. However, the clinical outcomes of fixed-dose combination (FDC) versus free-equivalent combination (FEC) of amlodipine and atorvastatin in the treatment of concurrent hypertension and dyslipidemia remain unknown. In this study, we included patients with newly diagnosed hypertension and dyslipidemia, without previously established cardiovascular disease, and treated with either FDC or FEC of amlodipine and atorvastatin were identified from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan and follow-up for 5 years. By using 1:1 propensity score matching, a total of 1756 patients were enrolled in this study. The composite of major adverse cardiovascular events, including all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, and coronary revascularization, occurred more frequently in the FEC group than in the FDC group (hazard ratio, 1.88; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.42 to 2.5). Although the all-cause mortality did not differ (hazard ratio, 0.46; 95% CI, 0.36 to 1.59), the FEC group developed increased MI, stroke, and coronary revascularization (hazard ratio, 2.87; 95% CI, 1.07 to 7.68; hazard ratio, 1.97; 95% CI, 1.41 to 2.74; and hazard ratio, 2.44; 95% CI, 1.26 to 4.69, respectively). Furthermore, as an unexpected result, a higher risk to develop new-onset diabetes mellitus was observed with FEC regimens (hazard ratio, 2.19; 95% CI, 1.6 to 3.0). In conclusion, although the all-cause mortality did not differ between the two groups, the FDC regimen of amlodipine and atorvastatin improved clinical outcomes when compared to FEC in patients with newly diagnosed hypertension and dyslipidemia.

Keywords: clinical outcome; dyslipidemia; fixed-dose combination; hypertension; new-onset diabetes mellitus.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amlodipine / administration & dosage*
  • Amlodipine / therapeutic use
  • Antihypertensive Agents / administration & dosage
  • Antihypertensive Agents / therapeutic use
  • Atorvastatin / administration & dosage*
  • Atorvastatin / therapeutic use
  • Drug Combinations
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Dyslipidemias* / complications
  • Dyslipidemias* / drug therapy
  • Dyslipidemias* / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Hypertension* / complications
  • Hypertension* / drug therapy
  • Hypertension* / epidemiology
  • Mortality
  • Taiwan / epidemiology
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Drug Combinations
  • Amlodipine
  • Atorvastatin