Background and objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the health-related quality of life before and after a hip and a knee arthroplasty operation using a 15D instrument and to compare these scores to the Finnish control population 15D scores.
Methods: The pre- and post-operative data of 15D were prospective collected from the patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty or total knee arthroplasty at the Kuopio University Hospital. Post-operative data were collected at 6 and 12 months after the operation.
Results: The mean change of the 15D score after hip arthroplasty was +0.062 and after knee arthroplasty, it was +0.033 at the 12-month follow-up (p < 0.001). Total hip arthroplasty patients of all ages reached the control population 15D scores at the 12-month follow-up. Of the total knee arthroplasty patients, only patients aged >75 years and males aged 55-64 years did reach control population 15D scores at the 12-month follow-up. Patients experienced a statistically significant improvement in mobility, vision, sleeping, usual activities, discomfort and symptoms, distress, and vitality (p < 0.05).
Conclusions: Successful hip and knee arthroplasty operations improve patients' health-related quality of life. According to this study, hip arthroplasty improves the health-related quality of life more than knee arthroplasty.
Keywords: 15D; Orthopedics; arthroplasty; outcome assessment; prospective studies; quality of life; total hip arthroplasty; total knee arthroplasty.