The level of risk, effects response to potential health emergencies, prevention and control method of COVID-19: A systematic review

Hum Antibodies. 2021;29(2):149-169. doi: 10.3233/HAB-200421.


Background: COVID-19 is currently the major public health burden in the world, with disease and death in the global community from COVID-19 increasing rapidly from time to time worldwide. However, there has been a lack of well-organized information about the level of risk, effects, prevention and control methods of the disease. Therefore the aim of this study is to identify and review a published level of risk, effects response to potential health emergencies, prevention, and control methods of COVID-19 at a global level.

Method: A systematic review was performed after literatures were identified by searching the following online databases: medRxiv, Google scholar, PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library with supplementary hand searching of conferences. The online databases contain archives of most English biomedical journals. Scientific papers published online by the Center for Disease Control and the World Health Organization were also included for this analysis. The scientific publications from 01 December, 2019 to 13 April 2020 were included. The 'COVID-19', '2019 novel coronavirus', '2019-nCoV', 'novel coronavirus', and 'Pneumonia' key search terms were used for this review.

Publication types

  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • COVID-19 / prevention & control*
  • COVID-19 / therapy*
  • Emergencies*
  • Emergency Medical Services*
  • Humans
  • Infection Control / methods*