A novel comprehensive framework for analyzing and assessing water quality and failure consequences based on Bayesian networks

Water Environ Res. 2021 May;93(5):738-749. doi: 10.1002/wer.1450. Epub 2020 Sep 16.

Abstract

The study of the effects of mixing potable water with wastewater is a complex and difficult research area. This difficulty is because water and sewage networks are subject to various physical, environmental, and operational factors. The main objective of the study was to propose a new comprehensive framework for analyzing and assessing water quality based on Bayesian networks. An intervention plan was proposed to reduce the consequences of water quality and networks failure. The proposed framework was applied to water distribution network of Mdaourouch city (Souk Ahras, Algeria) to demonstrate its effectiveness. The results indicated that the water contamination rate has reached 33.9 %, which caused severe consequences. The effectiveness of the proposed plan has been verified theoretically using simulations, and the results have proven to be very satisfactory. The proposed model is a decision support tool, which is expected to assist decision-makers and engineers in reviewing their plans and making the right decision. PRACTITIONER POINTS: This paper proposes a novel comprehensive framework for analyzing and assessing water quality and failure consequences based on Bayesian networks. This paper revisits the failure consequences. An intervention plan is proposed to reduce failure consequences. Results demonstrate that the proposed plan leads to fewer consequences probabilities. The proposed method can give the probability of failure of water and sewer network.

Keywords: bayesian network; safety barriers; sewer network; water network; water quality.

MeSH terms

  • Bayes Theorem
  • Cities
  • Sewage*
  • Waste Water
  • Water Quality*

Substances

  • Sewage
  • Waste Water