Future perspective: high-throughput construction of new ultrasensitive cytokine and virion liquid chips for high-throughput screening (HTS) of anti-inflammatory drugs or clinical diagnosis and treatment of inflammatory diseases

Anal Bioanal Chem. 2020 Nov;412(28):7685-7699. doi: 10.1007/s00216-020-02894-0. Epub 2020 Sep 1.


Pathogen-host cell interactions play an important role in many human infectious and inflammatory diseases. Several pathogens, including Escherichia coli (E. coli), Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tb), and even the recent 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), can cause serious breathing and brain disorders, tissue injury and inflammation, leading to high rates of mortality and resulting in great loss to human physical and mental health as well as the global economy. These infectious diseases exploit the microbial and host factors to induce serious inflammatory and immunological symptoms. Thus the development of anti-inflammatory drugs targeting bacterial/viral infection is an urgent need. In previous studies, YojI-IFNAR2, YojI-IL10RA, YojI-NRP1,YojI-SIGLEC7, and YojI-MC4R membrane-protein interactions were found to mediate E. coli invasion of the blood-brain barrier (BBB), which activated the downstream anti-inflammatory proteins NACHT, LRR and PYD domains-containing protein 2(NLRP2), using a proteomic chip conjugated with cell immunofluorescence labeling. However, the studies of pathogen (bacteria/virus)-host cell interactions mediated by membrane protein interactions did not extend their principles to broad biomedical applications such as 2019-nCoV infectious disease therapy. The first part of this feature article presents in-depth analysis of the cross-talk of cellular anti-inflammatory transduction signaling among interferon membrane protein receptor II (IFNAR2), interleukin-10 receptor subunit alpha (IL-10RA), NLRP2 and [Ca2+]-dependent phospholipase A2 (PLA2G5), based on experimental results and important published studies, which lays a theoretical foundation for the high-throughput construction of the cytokine and virion solution chip. The paper then moves on to the construction of the novel GPCR recombinant herpes virion chip and virion nano-oscillators for profiling membrane protein functions, which drove the idea of constructing the new recombinant virion and cytokine liquid chips for HTS of leading drugs. Due to the different structural properties of GPCR, IFNAR2, ACE2 and Spike of 2019-nCoV, their ligands will either bind the extracellular domain of IFNAR2/ACE2/Spike or the specific loops of the GPCR on the envelope of the recombinant herpes virions to induce dynamic charge distribution changes that lead to the variable electron transition for detection. Taken together, the combined overview of two of the most innovative and exciting developments in the immunoinflammatory field provides new insight into high-throughput construction of ultrasensitive cytokine and virion liquid chips for HTS of anti-inflammatory drugs or clinical diagnosis and treatment of inflammatory diseases including infectious diseases, acute or chronic inflammation (acute gouty arthritis or rheumatoid arthritis), cardiovascular disease, atheromatosis, diabetes, obesity, tissue injury and tumors. It has significant value in the prevention and treatment of these serious and painful diseases. Graphical abstract.

Keywords: Anti-inflammatory; Bacterial/viral infection; Cytokine/virion liquid; High-throughput construction; Signaling cross-talk.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / pharmacology*
  • Antiviral Agents / pharmacology*
  • Bacterial Infections / drug therapy
  • Bacterial Infections / immunology
  • COVID-19
  • Coronavirus Infections / drug therapy
  • Coronavirus Infections / immunology
  • Cytokines / immunology
  • Drug Discovery / instrumentation
  • Drug Discovery / methods
  • Equipment Design
  • High-Throughput Screening Assays / instrumentation*
  • High-Throughput Screening Assays / methods
  • Humans
  • Lab-On-A-Chip Devices*
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests / instrumentation*
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests / methods
  • Pandemics
  • Pneumonia, Viral / drug therapy
  • Pneumonia, Viral / immunology
  • Small Molecule Libraries / pharmacology
  • Virion / drug effects
  • Virion / immunology
  • Virus Diseases / drug therapy
  • Virus Diseases / immunology


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Antiviral Agents
  • Cytokines
  • Small Molecule Libraries