Monoclonal antibodies directed to the blood group A associated structure, galactosyl-A: specificity and relation to the Thomsen-Friedenreich antigen

Mol Immunol. 1988 Feb;25(2):199-204. doi: 10.1016/0161-5890(88)90068-5.


Two monoclonal antibodies, HH8 and HH9, have been established after immunization of mice with galactosyl-A glycolipid antigen having the terminal structure, Gal beta 1----3GalNAc alpha 1----3[Fuc alpha 1----2]Gal beta 1----R, which is the precursor for type 3 chain A (repetitive A) and type 3 chain H (A-associated H). Both antibodies react strongly and specifically with galactosyl-A, but HH8 (IgM) showed strong hemagglutination of blood group A1, A2, O and B erythrocytes after sialidase treatment, while HH9 (IgG1) did not react with human erythrocytes even after sialidase treatment. HH8 and anti-T antibody, but not HH9, reacted with glycophorin A after sialidase treatment. The reactivity of HH8 with glycophorin A was abolished by beta-galactosidase and was inhibited by liposomes containing galactosyl-A, but not other glycolipids. In addition, anti-T antibody and peanut lectin reacted specifically with galactosyl-A glycolipids. These findings indicate that HH8 recognizes the terminal disaccharide Gal beta 1----3GalNAc alpha 1----R, which is the same sequence as the classically known Thomsen-Friedenreich antigen (T-antigen), whereas HH9 does not cross-react with T-antigen but recognizes the entire galactosyl-A structure. The T-antigen was also demonstrated by immunohistology with HH8 after neuraminidase treatment in a subset of cells in stratified epithelium.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • ABO Blood-Group System / immunology*
  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal* / biosynthesis
  • Antibody Specificity
  • Antigens, Tumor-Associated, Carbohydrate*
  • Disaccharides / analysis*
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Mouth Mucosa / immunology


  • ABO Blood-Group System
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antigens, Tumor-Associated, Carbohydrate
  • Disaccharides
  • Thomsen-Friedenreich antigen