Acute pancreatitis induced by combination chemotherapy used for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia: A case report

Medicine (Baltimore). 2020 Aug 28;99(35):e21848. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000021848.


Rationale: Drug-induced pancreatitis (DIP) is a kind of acute pancreatitis with a relatively low incidence. There are many cases of acute pancreatitis (AP) caused by chemotherapeutic agents that have been reported. However, few reports focus on the combination of chemotherapeutic agents that induce acute pancreatitis. This article aims to retrospectively analyze a case of DIP and to explore the relationship between chemotherapeutic agents and acute pancreatitis.

Patient concerns: Here, we report a 35-year-old Chinese female patient who was diagnosed as acute myeloid leukemia with BCR/ABL expression. After induction chemotherapy of daunorubicin and cytarabine, bone marrow aspiration showed: Acute myeloid leukemia-not relieved (AML-NR). Then the regimen of homoharringtonine, cytarabine and dasatinib was started. The patient developed abdominal pain on the 14th day of chemotherapy. Laboratory tests showed elevated serum amylase (AMY) and lipase (LIPA). Computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen revealed a swollen pancreas with blurred edges and thickened left prerenal fascia.

Diagnosis: The patient was diagnosed as DIP by the symptoms of upper abdominal pain and the change of CT images. Other common causes of AP were excluded meanwhile.

Interventions: The chemotherapy was stopped immediately. And after fasting, fluid infusion and inhibiting the secretion of the pancreas, the symptoms were relieved.

Outcomes: DIP relapsed when the regimen of aclacinomycin + cytarabine + G-CSF + dasatinib regimen (G-CSF (400ug/day, day 1 to 15), cytarabine (30 mg/day, day 2 to 15), aclacinomycin (20 mg/day, day 2 to 5)and dasatinib (140 mg/day, continuously)) was given, and was recovered after treatment for AP was performed.

Lessons: To choose the best treatment plan for patients, clinicians should raise awareness of DIP, and should know that chemotherapeutic agents can induce pancreatitis and the combination of chemotherapeutic agents may increase the risk of drug-induced pancreatitis.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects*
  • Cytarabine / administration & dosage
  • Cytarabine / adverse effects
  • Dasatinib / administration & dosage
  • Dasatinib / adverse effects
  • Daunorubicin / administration & dosage
  • Daunorubicin / adverse effects
  • Female
  • Homoharringtonine / administration & dosage
  • Homoharringtonine / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy*
  • Pancreatitis / chemically induced*
  • Pancreatitis / diagnostic imaging
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed


  • Cytarabine
  • Homoharringtonine
  • Dasatinib
  • Daunorubicin