Modulation of hepatitis B virus infection by epidermal growth factor secreted from liver sinusoidal endothelial cells

Sci Rep. 2020 Sep 1;10(1):14349. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-71453-5.


Hepatocytes derived from human iPSCs are useful to study hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, however infection efficiency is rather poor. In order to improve the efficiency of HBV infection to iPSC-derived hepatocytes, we set a co-culture of hepatocytes with liver non-parenchymal cells and found that liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) enhanced HBV infection by secreting epidermal growth factor (EGF). While EGF receptor (EGFR) is known as a co-receptor for HBV, we found that EGF enhanced HBV infection at a low dose of EGF, whereas EGF at a high dose suppressed HBV infection. EGFR is internalized by clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME) and clathrin-independent endocytosis (CIE) pathways depending on the dose of EGF. At a high dose of EGF, the endocytosed EGFR via CIE is degraded in the lysosome. This study is the first to provide evidence that HBV is endocytosed via CME and CIE pathways at a low and high dose of EGF, respectively. In conclusion, we developed an in vitro system of HBV infection using iPSC-derived liver cells, and show that EGF secreted from LSECs modulates HBV infection in a dose dependent manner.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Clathrin / metabolism
  • Coculture Techniques
  • Endocytosis / drug effects
  • Endocytosis / genetics
  • Endothelial Cells / metabolism*
  • Epidermal Growth Factor / metabolism*
  • Epidermal Growth Factor / pharmacology*
  • ErbB Receptors / genetics
  • ErbB Receptors / metabolism
  • Gene Knockdown Techniques
  • Hep G2 Cells
  • Hepatitis B / metabolism*
  • Hepatitis B / virology
  • Hepatitis B virus / metabolism*
  • Hepatocytes / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells / cytology
  • Liver / cytology*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Transfection
  • Virus Internalization


  • Clathrin
  • Epidermal Growth Factor
  • EGFR protein, human
  • ErbB Receptors