Lactate Dehydrogenase A Governs Cardiac Hypertrophic Growth in Response to Hemodynamic Stress

Cell Rep. 2020 Sep 1;32(9):108087. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2020.108087.


The heart manifests hypertrophic growth in response to high blood pressure, which may decompensate and progress to heart failure under persistent stress. Metabolic remodeling is an early event in this process. However, its role remains to be fully characterized. Here, we show that lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA), a critical glycolytic enzyme, is elevated in the heart in response to hemodynamic stress. Cardiomyocyte-restricted deletion of LDHA leads to defective cardiac hypertrophic growth and heart failure by pressure overload. Silencing of LDHA in cultured cardiomyocytes suppresses cell growth from pro-hypertrophic stimulation in vitro, while overexpression of LDHA is sufficient to drive cardiomyocyte growth. Furthermore, we find that lactate is capable of rescuing the growth defect from LDHA knockdown. Mechanistically, lactate stabilizes NDRG3 (N-myc downregulated gene family 3) and stimulates ERK (extracellular signal-regulated kinase). Our results together suggest that the LDHA/NDRG3 axis may play a critical role in adaptive cardiomyocyte growth in response to hemodynamic stress.

Keywords: ERK; LDHA; NDRG3; cardiac hypertrophy; heart failure; lactate; pathological cardiac remodeling; pressure overload.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cardiomegaly / physiopathology*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Heart Failure / physiopathology*
  • Hemodynamics
  • Humans
  • Lactate Dehydrogenase 5 / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction


  • Lactate Dehydrogenase 5