Introduction: Distal Femoral Osteotomy (DFO) is a common procedure for correcting lower limb valgus deformity and lateral compartment overload. Low 20-year survivorship rate was reported with a consequent need for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This study aims to review literature and to analyse the influence of a previous distal femoral osteotomy on outcomes of patients undergoing TKA.
Methods: A systematic literature review was performed in PubMed/Medline and Embase in May 2020. Papers were selected based on the following criteria: patient with a previous distal femoral osteotomy; total knee replacement; Pre- and Postoperative outcomes; surgical outcomes: clinical scores, range of motion, radiographic evaluation and revisions for any cause; case series, retrospective studies, observational studies, open-label studies, randomized clinical trials; systematic reviews and meta-analyses were included to extract primitive studies.
Results: 306 articles were found, of which five papers were considered eligible for this review. In every study included, postoperative clinical outcomes (Knee Society Score or Hospital for Special Surgery score) statistically improved from the preoperative. Complications were not uncommon; implant survivorship at the available follow-up seems to be similar to primary TKA, although being too short to draw any conclusions.
Conclusions: Limited and highly heterogeneous evidence is currently available on the influence of DFO on outcomes after TKA. Knee replacement improves clinical middle-term outcomes in patients with previous distal femoral osteotomy. In this complex surgery, the use of technical tips and tricks could help surgeons to obtain an accurate knee balancing and better long-term results.
Keywords: Distal femoral osteotomy; Lower limb alignment; Total knee arthroplasty.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020.