Organizational characteristics conducive to the implementation of health programs among Latino churches

Implement Sci Commun. 2020 Jul 6;1:62. doi: 10.1186/s43058-020-00052-2. eCollection 2020.

Abstract

Background: Faith-based organizations (FBOs) can be effective partners in the implementation of health interventions to reach underserved audiences. However, little is known about the capacity they have or need to engage in these efforts. We examined inner-setting organizational characteristics hypothesized to be important for program implementation by the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR).

Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 34 churches with predominantly Latino congregations in Massachusetts. FBO leaders completed a survey assessing inner-setting CFIR organizational characteristics, including organizational readiness, implementation climate, organizational culture, and innovation "fit" with organizational mission.

Results: There was limited variability in CFIR organizational characteristics, with scores on a scale from 1 to 5 skewed toward higher values, ranging from 3.27 (SD 0.94) for implementation climate to 4.58 (SD 0.54). Twenty-one percent of the FBOs had offered health programs in the prior year.

Conclusions: FBOs had high scores on most of the organizational factors hypothesized to be important for the implementation of health programs, although relatively few FBOs offered them. While this suggests that FBOs have favorable characteristics for health programming, prospective studies are needed to understand relative salience of inner-setting organizational characteristics versus factors external to the organization (e.g., policies, incentives), as well as the potential direction of relationships between internal organizational characteristics and health program offerings.

Trial registration: Clinical trials identifier number NCT01740219 (clinicaltrials.gov).

Keywords: Cancer screening; Evidence-based interventions; Faith-based organizations; Implementation science; Latinos; Organizational readiness.

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT01740219