Anxiety and depression symptoms in the same pregnant women before and during the COVID-19 pandemic

J Perinat Med. 2020 Nov 26;48(9):965-970. doi: 10.1515/jpm-2020-0380.

Abstract

Objectives With clinical experience from previous coronavirus infections, public health measures and fear of infection may have negative psychological effects on pregnant women. This study aimed to compare the level of anxiety and depression in the same pregnant women before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods The pregnant women continuing pregnancy who participated in the first study which was undertaken to clarify the factors associated with mental health of pregnant women before the COVID-19 pandemic, were included for the current study during the outbreak. Anxiety and depression symptoms of the same pregnant women were evaluated by using the Inventory of Depression and Anxiety Symptoms II and Beck Anxiety Inventory twice before and during the pandemic. Results A total of 63 pregnant women completed questionnaires. The mean age of the women and the mean gestational age was 30.35±5.27 years and 32.5±7 weeks, respectively. The mean total IDAS II score was found to increase from 184.78±49.67 (min: 109, max: 308) to 202.57±52.90 (min: 104, max: 329) before and during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. According to the BAI scores the number of patients without anxiety (from 10 to 6) and with mild anxiety (from 31 to 24) decreased and patients with moderate (from 20 to 25) and severe anxiety (from 2 to 8) increased after SARS-CoV-2 infection. Multivariate linear regression analysis revealed that obesity and relationship with her husband are the best predictors of IDAS II scores. Conclusions This study indicated that COVID-19 outbreak affects the mental health of pregnant women negatively which leads to adverse birth outcomes. The level of anxiety and depression symptoms of pregnant women during the COVID-19 infection significantly increased. Healthcare professionals should establish comprehensive treatment plans for pregnant women who are highly vulnerable population to prevent mental trauma during the infectious disease outbreaks.

Keywords: COVID-19; IDAS II; SARS-CoV-2; anxiety; depression.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anxiety / diagnosis
  • Anxiety / epidemiology*
  • Betacoronavirus*
  • COVID-19
  • Coronavirus Infections / psychology*
  • Depression / diagnosis
  • Depression / epidemiology*
  • Female
  • Gestational Age
  • Humans
  • Pandemics*
  • Pneumonia, Viral / psychology*
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications / psychology*
  • Pregnant Women / psychology
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Stress, Psychological / epidemiology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Turkey / epidemiology