Strength Conditioning Program to Prevent Adductor Muscle Strains in Football: Does it Really Help Professional Football Players?

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Sep 2;17(17):6408. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17176408.

Abstract

Coaches at the professional level are often concerned about negative side effects from testing and intensive resistance training periods, and they are not willing to base their training prescriptions on data obtained from semiprofessional or amateur football players. Consequently, the purpose of this study was to analyze the reliability and effectiveness of two adductor injury active prevention programs using the adductor/abductor ratio and deficit between legs, on the basis of adduction-abduction power output during the exercises proposed, in professional football players. Forty-eight professional football players undertook complementary strength training for the adductor and abductor muscles in their dominant and non-dominant legs, once or twice a week throughout the playing season. The volume of the session was determined by the adductor/abductor ratio and the deficit between legs in the last session training measured. The number and severity of muscle injuries per 1000 h of exposure were recorded. Both prevention programs showed a very low rate of adductor injury (0.27 and 0.07 injuries/1000 h) with mild-to-moderate severity, maintaining a balance in percentage asymmetry between dominant and non-dominant legs for adductor (10.37%) and in the adductor/abductor ratio (0.92) in top professional football players throughout the season. The strength conditioning program proposed can help to prevent adductor muscle injuries in top professional football players.

Keywords: adductor injury; prevention; ratio adductor-abductor; rotatory inertial device; soccer (football); unilateral deficits.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Athletic Injuries* / prevention & control
  • Football* / injuries
  • Humans
  • Muscle Strength
  • Muscle, Skeletal
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Resistance Training*
  • Soccer*
  • Sprains and Strains* / prevention & control