Acyl-CoA-binding proteins (ACBPs) are a family of proteins that bind acyl-CoA esters at a conserved acyl-CoA-binding domain. ACBPs maintain intracellular acyl-CoA pools to regulate lipid metabolism. Here, we report on the structure of rice OsACBP2 in complex with C18:3-CoA ester. The residues Y33, K34 and K56 of OsACBP2 play a crucial role in binding the CoA group, while residues N23, L27, K52 and Y55 in one molecule of OsACBP2 cooperate with L27, L28, A59 and A62 from another anchoring the fatty acyl group. Multiangle light scattering assays indicate that OsACBP2 binds C18:3-CoA as a monomer. The first complex structure of a plant ACBP binding with C18:3-CoA is therefore presented, providing a novel model for the interaction between an acyl-CoA ester and the acyl-CoA-binding domain(s).
Keywords: Oryza sativa; X-ray diffraction; acyl-CoA binding; multiangle light scattering; protein-lipid interaction.
© 2020 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.