Objective: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the relationship between prescribed knee-extensor strength exercise dosage in pre-operative exercise intervention and the effect on knee-extensor muscle strength prior to and following TKA. Additional meta-analyses report the effect of pre-habilitation on outcomes prior to and following TKA.
Design: A systematic literature search was performed including RCT's evaluating the effect of pre-operative exercise prior to and following TKA. Meta-regression analysis was performed to evaluate the dose-response relationship between prescribed exercise dose and the pooled effect, measured as standardized mean difference (SMD). The prescribed exercise dose was quantified using a formula accounting for as many exercise descriptors as possible. Risk of bias in the included trials was assessed using the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool.
Results: Twelve trials with 616 patients were included. Meta-regression analysis showed no relationship between prescribed pre-operative knee-extensor exercise dosage and change in knee-extensor strength neither prior to (slope 0.0005 [95%CI -0.007 to 0.008]) or 3 months following TKA (slope 0.0014 [95%CI -0.006 to 0.009]). Prior to TKA, a moderate effect favoring pre-operative exercise for increase in knee-extensor strength was found (SMD 0.50 [95%CI 0.12 to 0.88]), but not at 3 months following TKA (SMD -0.01 [95%CI -0.45 to 0.43]). Risk of bias was generally assessed as unclear.
Conclusion: Meta-regression analysis of existing trials suggests no relationship between the prescribed pre-operative knee-extensor exercise dosage and the change in knee-extensor strength observed prior to and following TKA. Pre-operative exercise including knee-extensor muscle strength exercise increased knee-extensor strength moderately prior to but not 3 months following TKA.
Protocol registration: PROSPERO ID (CRD42018076308) (http://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/).
Keywords: Dose-response; Exercise therapy; Knee osteoarthritis; Knee-extensor muscle strength; Total knee arthroplasty.
Copyright © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.