Objectives The aim of our study is to systematically describe the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of Glycogen storage disease type VI (GSD VI), especially in Chinses population. Methods We retrospectively analyzed ten Chinese children diagnosed as having GSD VI confirmed by next generation sequencing in Children's Hospital of Fudan University and Jinshan Hospital of Fudan University. We described the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of GSD VI through the clinical and genetic data we collected. Moreover, we conducted a literature review, and we compared the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of GSD VI between Chinese population and non Chinese population. Results For the first time, we found that four Chinese patients showed cirrhosis in liver biopsy characterized by the formation of regenerative nodules. In addition, c.772+1G>A and c.1900G>C, p.(Asp634His) were recurrent in three Chinese families and four European families respectively indicating that the genotypic spectrum of PYGL gene may vary among the population. Furthermore, we identified seven novel variants in PYGL gene. Conclusions Our study enriched the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of GSD VI, and provided a new clue for management of GSD VI.
Keywords: PYGL gene; Chinese; cirrhosis; glycogen storage disease types VI; hepatic glycogen phosphorylase.