Kaposiform lymphangiomatosis (KLA) is a rare lymphatic anomaly primarily affecting the mediastinum with high mortality rate. We present a patient with KLA and significant disease burden harboring a somatic point mutation in the Casitas B lineage lymphoma (CBL) gene. She was treated with MEK inhibition with complete resolution of symptoms, near-complete resolution of lymphatic fluid burden, and remodeling of her lymphatic system. While patients with KLA have been reported to harbor mutations in NRAS, here we report for the first time a causative mutation in the CBL gene in a patient with KLA, successfully treated with Ras pathway inhibition.
Keywords: CBL proto-oncogene; MAP kinase signaling system; kaposiform lymphangiomatosis; lymphatic abnormality; trametinib.
©2020 The Authors. Published under the terms of the CC BY 4.0 license.