Regulation of isoleucine-valine biosynthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Curr Genet. 1988 Mar;13(3):207-17. doi: 10.1007/BF00387766.


The threonine deaminase gene (ILV1) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been designated "multifunctional" since Bollon (1974) indicated its involvement both in the catalysis of the first step in isoleucine biosynthesis and in the regulation of the isoleucine-valine pathway. Its role in regulation is characterized by a decrease in the activity of the five isoleucine-valine enzymes when cells are grown in the presence of the three branched-chain amino acids, isoleucine, valine and leucine (multivalent repression). We have demonstrated that the regulation of AHA reductoisomerase (encoded by ILV5) and branched-chain amino acid transaminase is unaffected by the deletion of ILV1, subsequently revealing that the two enzymes can be regulated in the absence of threonine deaminase. Both threonine deaminase activity and ILV1 mRNA levels increase in mutants (gcd2 and gcd3) having constitutively depressed levels of enzymes under the general control of amino acid biosynthesis, as well as in response to starvation for tryptophan and branched-chain amino acid imbalance. Thus, the ILV1 gene is under general amino acid control, as is the case for both the ILV5 and the transaminase gene. Multivalent repression of reductoisomerase and transaminase can be observed in mutants defective in general control (gcn and gcd), whereas this is not the case for threonine deaminase. Our analysis suggests that repression effected by general control is not complete in minimal medium. Amino acid dependent regulation of threonine deaminase is only through general control, while the branched-chain amino acid repression of AHA reducto isomerase and the transaminase is caused both by general control and an amino acid-specific regulation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Enzyme Repression
  • Gene Expression Regulation*
  • Genes*
  • Genes, Fungal*
  • Isoleucine / biosynthesis*
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / enzymology
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics*
  • Threonine Dehydratase / genetics
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Valine / biosynthesis*


  • RNA, Messenger
  • Isoleucine
  • Threonine Dehydratase
  • Valine