Pharmacokinetic and Glucodynamic Responses of Ultra Rapid Lispro vs Lispro Across a Clinically Relevant Range of Subcutaneous Doses in Healthy Subjects

Clin Ther. 2020 Sep;42(9):1762-1777.e4. doi: 10.1016/j.clinthera.2020.07.005. Epub 2020 Sep 6.


Purpose: Ultra rapid lispro (URLi) is a novel insulin lispro formulation developed to more closely match physiological insulin secretion and improve postprandial glucose control. This study compared the pharmacokinetic and glucodynamic parameters of URLi and Lispro (Humalog®) at 3 dose levels in healthy subjects.

Methods: This randomized, 6-period, subject- and investigator-blind, crossover study included 42 healthy subjects. At each period, subjects received a single subcutaneous dose of 7, 15, or 30 U of URLi or Lispro followed by a 10-h automated euglycemic clamp. Insulin lispro and blood glucose concentrations were measured.

Findings: Across all 3 doses, insulin lispro appeared in the serum 2-5 min faster, and exposure was 6- to 8-fold greater in the first 15 min, with URLi versus Lispro. Exposure beyond 3 h postdose was 45%-52% lower, and duration of exposure was 67-86 min shorter with URLi versus Lispro for all dose levels. Onset of insulin action was 7-9 min faster and insulin action was ~3-fold greater in the first 30 min with URLi versus Lispro across the dose levels. Insulin action beyond 4 h was reduced by 32%-45%, and duration of action was reduced by 47-67 min, with URLi versus Lispro for all 3 dose levels. Overall exposure and total glucose infused were similar between URLi and Lispro at each dose level. Dose proportionality was observed for maximum and overall exposure after URLi. Less than dose-proportional increases in maximum and total glucose infused were observed and were similar for both URLi and Lispro.

Implications: URLi exhibited ultra-rapid pharmacokinetic and glucodynamic parameters across all 3 dose levels studied and exhibited dose-proportional increases in exposure in healthy subjects. identifier: NCT03286751.

Keywords: glucodynamics; humalog; pharmacokinetics; ultra-rapid insulin.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Blood Glucose / drug effects*
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Glucose / administration & dosage
  • Glucose Clamp Technique
  • Humans
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Insulin Lispro / administration & dosage*
  • Insulin Lispro / pharmacokinetics
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Postprandial Period
  • Young Adult


  • Blood Glucose
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Insulin Lispro
  • Glucose

Associated data