Medial ankle instability is likely underestimated. Three types of medial collateral ligament (MCL) lesion exist: isolated lesions, in case of valgus sprain in external rotation; lesions associated with chronic lateral instability, in case of rotational instability; and lesions associated with medial insufficiency and valgus flat-foot. Diagnostic confirmation and treatment of MCL lesions, isolated or associated with chronic lateral instability, by ligament suture is at present largely arthroscopic. Chronic MCL lesions with valgus flat-foot are probably irreversible: ligament reconstruction is unreliable, and bone surgery (osteotomy, fusion) is required.
Keywords: Ankle instability; Flat-foot; Ligament reconstruction; Medial collateral ligament.
Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.