Exercise-training has been shown to influence resting components of energy expenditure in lean and obese individuals. Moreover, experimental data suggest that the effect of training on these components could represent an acute effect of exercise. In this regard, the present study was undertaken to determine whether resting metabolic rate (RMR) and glucose-induced thermogenesis (GIT) could be modified depending on the delay elapsing between the last exercise session of a training program and calorimetric measurements. Eight trained individuals were tested 16 h after a 90-min exercise bout and following a 3-day interruption of training. A significant decrease in RMR (-6.6 percent, P less than 0.05) was observed in response to exercise cessation. On the other hand, an increased GIT was noted following the 3-day rest period and this effect was also statistically significant. These results show that short-term interruption of training can affect substantially RMR and GIT in trained individuals, indicating that the time elapsing since the last exercise session must be taken into account in the interpretation of the effects of physical training on both these parameters.