Thermochromic Luminescent Nanomaterials Based on Mn 4+/Tb 3+ Codoping for Temperature Imaging with Digital Cameras

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2020 Sep 30;12(39):44039-44048. doi: 10.1021/acsami.0c11730. Epub 2020 Sep 20.

Abstract

A new thermographic nanocrystalline Sr4Al14O25:Mn4+,Tb3+ phosphor was developed, and the concentrations of both dopants and the synthesis conditions were optimized. The combination of the thermally quenched luminescence from the Mn4+ ions to the almost temperature-independent emission from Tb3+ provides a sensitive luminescent thermometer (SR = 2.8%/°C at 150 °C) with strong emission color variability. In addition, a figure of merit for this luminescence thermochromism was proposed, as the relative sensitivities of the x and y CIE coordinates, which for this phosphor reaches at 150 °C SR(x) = 0.6%/°C and SR(y) = 0.4%/°C, respectively. Noncontact thermal imaging was demonstrated with this phosphor using a single consumer digital camera and exploiting the ratio of red (R) and green (G) channels of the RGB images, thereby confirming the high application potential of Sr4Al14O25:Mn4+,Tb3+ nanocrystals for thermal sensing and mapping.

Keywords: Sr4Al14O25 nanocrystals; chromatic coordinates; luminescent thermometer; manganese; relative sensitivity; terbium; thermal imaging; thermochromicity.