Osseointegrated oral implants. A Swedish multicenter study of 8139 consecutively inserted Nobelpharma implants

J Periodontol. 1988 May;59(5):287-96. doi: 10.1902/jop.1988.59.5.287.


Fourteen Swedish teams outside the University of Gothenburg, each with minimally three years' experience in the Nobelpharma osseointegrated implant participated in a retrospective multiclinic study. The total number of consecutively inserted implants at the 14 clinics was 8139. The outcome of every implant was reported and all implant failures, irrespective of when they occurred, were published. The success criteria included absence of implant mobility, absence of radiolucent zones on x-rays, and an annual bone loss after the first year of less than 0.2 mm. In the mandible 334 implants were followed for five to eight years, with only three failures, for a success rate of 99.1%. In the maxilla 106 implants were followed for five to seven years, with a success rate of 84.9%. In irradiated and grafted mandibles, 56 implants were inserted and none was lost during a follow-up of up to five years. In the irradiated maxilla there were 16 implants inserted with three reported failures and in the grafted upper jaw 71 implants were inserted with 12 failures. The proportions of mandibular and maxillary sleeping implants were 0.8 and 0.3%, of patient drop-out implants 0.3 and 0.6%, and of patient death implants 0.9 and 1.2%, respectively. It was concluded that the osseointegrated implant, if inserted according to the guidelines of Brånemark, results in a very high degree of clinical success, thereby meeting any published oral implant success criteria.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Dental Implantation, Endosseous*
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Mandible
  • Maxilla
  • Prosthesis Failure
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Sweden