Left lower limb fasciitis due to sigmoid colonic perforated diverticulitis: a rare case of colocutaneous fistula

J Surg Case Rep. 2020 Aug 31;2020(8):rjaa264. doi: 10.1093/jscr/rjaa264. eCollection 2020 Aug.

Abstract

Up to 25% of patients with acute diverticulitis develop complicated disease. Colocutaneous fistula with lower limb fasciitis secondary to complicated diverticulitis is a rare event. A 71-year-old woman with Class 3 obesity and Type 2 diabetes was admitted to the hospital because of left lower limb fasciitis associated with acute sigmoid diverticulitis complicated by covered perforation. The fasciitis was treated with multiple fasciotomies, antibiotics and hyperbaric oxygen therapy. The patient was readmitted 25 days after discharge because of the formation of a left leg colocutaneous fistula associated with an enterocolic fistula. Patient underwent sigmoid resection with primary anastomosis and ileal loop repair. Three-month follow-up showed fistula healing and absence of symptoms. Fasciitis secondary to acute diverticulitis is a rare clinical scenario. Although our therapeutic strategy was successful, the optimal treatment timing and surgical technique for fasciotomy and colon resection remain to be assessed.

Publication types

  • Case Reports