A clinical coagulopathy score concurrent with viscoelastic testing defines opportunities to improve hemostatic resuscitation and enhance blood product utilization during liver transplantation

Am J Surg. 2020 Dec;220(6):1379-1386. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2020.07.034. Epub 2020 Sep 1.


Background: An NIH clinical coagulopathy score has been devised for trauma patients, but no such clinical score exists in transplantation surgery. We hypothesize that that this coagulopathy score can effectively identify laboratory defined coagulopathy during liver transplantation and correlates to blood product utilization.

Methods: TEGs were performed and coagulopathy scores (1, normal bleeding - 5, diffuse coagulopathic bleeding) were assigned by the surgeons at 5 intra-operative time points. Blood products used during the case were recorded between time points. Statistical analyses were performed to identify correlations between coagulopathy scores, TEG-detected abnormalities, and blood product utilization.

Result: Transfusions rarely correlated with the appropriate TEG measurements of coagulation dysfunction. Coagulopathy score had significant correlation to various transfusions and TEG-detected coagulopathies at multiple points during the case. High aggregate coagulopathy scores identified patients receiving more transfusions, re-operations, and longer hospital stays CONCLUSION: The combination of viscoelastic testing and a standardized clinical coagulopathy score has the potential to optimize transfusions if used in tandem as well as standardize communication between surgery and anesthesia teams about clinically evident coagulopathy.

Keywords: Clinical coagulopathy; Coagulopathy score; Hemostatic resuscitation; Liver transplantation; Thrombelastography.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Coagulation Disorders / classification*
  • Blood Component Transfusion / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Hemostatic Techniques*
  • Humans
  • Liver Transplantation*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Prospective Studies
  • Resuscitation / methods*
  • Thrombelastography
  • Viscosity