Mechanical properties of a polymethyl methacrylate block for CAD/CAM dentures

J Oral Sci. 2020 Sep 26;62(4):420-422. doi: 10.2334/josnusd.19-0448. Epub 2020 Sep 9.


This study compared the mechanical properties and molecular distribution of a polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) block (Dry) with specimens that were fabricated by a conventional method and cured in a wet environment (Control). Two specimen types were fabricated with heat-curing denture base resin. Dry specimens were polymerized at high pressure and in a dry system, while Control specimens were polymerized with a heat-curing method, in accordance with the manufacturer's recommended procedures. Specimens from each group were evaluated for three-point bending, water sorption and solubility, and color change, and by gel permeation chromatography (GPC). Mean values for the flexural strengths and moduli of the Dry specimens were significantly higher than those of the Control specimens (P > 0.05). Water sorption and discoloration values of the Dry group were significantly lower than those of the Control group. Mean weight-average molecular weights of the Dry group were higher than those of the Control group. As compared with the conventional method, the present method of fabricating PMMA blocks under high pressure yields superior mechanical properties for the denture base.

Keywords: CAD/CAM; PMMA; denture base; mechanical properties; molecular distribution.

MeSH terms

  • Computer-Aided Design*
  • Denture Bases
  • Dentures
  • Materials Testing
  • Polymethyl Methacrylate*
  • Stress, Mechanical
  • Surface Properties


  • Polymethyl Methacrylate