Objective: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of concurrent risk factors for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. This post hoc analysis explored key efficacy and safety endpoints in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and MetS treated with tofacitinib.
Methods: Tofacitinib 5 and 10 mg twice daily and placebo data were pooled from two Phase 3 studies (OPAL Broaden [12 months; ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT01877668]; OPAL Beyond [6 months; ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT01882439]); patients received one background conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drug. Patients were stratified by baseline presence/absence of MetS. Efficacy and safety were reported to month 3 (tofacitinib and placebo) and 6 (tofacitinib only). Efficacy outcomes included: American College of Rheumatology (ACR)20/50/70, Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI) response, Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PASI)75 response, and enthesitis/dactylitis resolution rates; and changes from baseline (Δ) in C-reactive protein, HAQ-DI, Patient's/Physician's Global Assessment of Arthritis, and patient-reported outcomes. Safety outcomes included treatment-emergent all-causality adverse events (AEs), Δ in lipid/hepatic values, and liver parameter increases.
Results: Of 710 patients, 41.4% (n = 294) had baseline MetS. All efficacy outcomes improved with both tofacitinib doses versus placebo, to month 3; tofacitinib efficacy was consistent to month 6, regardless of MetS status. MetS did not appear to affect the incidence of AEs or Δ in lipid/hepatic values with tofacitinib up to month 3 or 6. Arterial thromboembolism and myocardial infarction (adjudicated major adverse cardiovascular events) were each reported once in tofacitinib-treated patients with MetS.
Conclusion: Regardless of baseline MetS status, tofacitinib showed greater efficacy versus placebo in patients with active PsA. The tofacitinib safety profile appeared similar in patients with versus without MetS.
© 2020 The Authors. ACR Open Rheumatology published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American College of Rheumatology.