Proteomic analysis of soluble protein extract of adult Toxocara cati

Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2020 Dec;73:101528. doi: 10.1016/j.cimid.2020.101528. Epub 2020 Aug 13.


Toxocara cati is a cat roundworm and the causative agent of toxocariasis as a cosmopolitan zoonotic disease. As no information has been reported so far, identification of T. cati proteins can be useful for the development of new diagnostic strategies. This study was conducted to identify the major proteins in the adult T. cati tegument using bi-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) and shotgun proteomics. A total proteins were identified, among them the metabolic enzymes were the largest group, including: Enolase, triose phosphate isomerase, fructose-bisphosphate aldolase, aldehyde dehydrogenase. The other important protein groups recognized in T. cati, belong to the HSP-family, the structure and motor proteins, such as actin. The role of these proteins have been implicated in parasite-host interactions and modulating cellular immune response, immune regulation in evasion mechanisms of the host immune response. Characterizing T. cati adult proteins play a key role not only in host-parasite interactions, but also in the discovery of drug targets, subunit vaccines against toxocariasis, immunodiagnostic kits for toxocariasis and the identification of novel immuno-modulators that can form the next generation of therapeutic possibilities for inflammatory diseases.

Keywords: Toxocara cati; Toxocariasis; shotgun proteomics; tegument proteins.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cat Diseases / diagnosis
  • Cat Diseases / parasitology*
  • Cats
  • Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional / veterinary
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel / veterinary
  • Female
  • Helminth Proteins / analysis*
  • Host-Parasite Interactions
  • Proteomics*
  • Toxocara / chemistry*
  • Toxocariasis / diagnosis
  • Toxocariasis / parasitology*
  • Zoonoses


  • Helminth Proteins