The Evolution Road of Seaweed Aquaculture: Cultivation Technologies and the Industry 4.0

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Sep 8;17(18):6528. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17186528.


Seaweeds (marine macroalgae) are autotrophic organisms capable of producing many compounds of interest. For a long time, seaweeds have been seen as a great nutritional resource, primarily in Asian countries to later gain importance in Europe and South America, as well as in North America and Australia. It has been reported that edible seaweeds are rich in proteins, lipids and dietary fibers. Moreover, they have plenty of bioactive molecules that can be applied in nutraceutical, pharmaceutical and cosmetic areas. There are historical registers of harvest and cultivation of seaweeds but with the increment of the studies of seaweeds and their valuable compounds, their aquaculture has increased. The methodology of cultivation varies from onshore to offshore. Seaweeds can also be part of integrated multi-trophic aquaculture (IMTA), which has great opportunities but is also very challenging to the farmers. This multidisciplinary field applied to the seaweed aquaculture is very promising to improve the methods and techniques; this area is developed under the denominated industry 4.0.

Keywords: IMTA; aquaculture; compounds; healthy benefits; industry 4.0; offshore; onshore; seaweed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aquaculture*
  • Asia
  • Australia
  • Europe
  • Industry
  • North America
  • Seaweed*
  • South America