A Novel Deep Learning Model for the Detection and Identification of Rolling Element-Bearing Faults

Sensors (Basel). 2020 Sep 8;20(18):5112. doi: 10.3390/s20185112.


Real-time acquisition of large amounts of machine operating data is now increasingly common due to recent advances in Industry 4.0 technologies. A key benefit to factory operators of this large scale data acquisition is in the ability to perform real-time condition monitoring and early-stage fault detection and diagnosis on industrial machinery-with the potential to reduce machine down-time and thus operating costs. The main contribution of this work is the development of an intelligent fault diagnosis method capable of operating on these real-time data streams to provide early detection of developing problems under variable operating conditions. We propose a novel dual-path recurrent neural network with a wide first kernel and deep convolutional neural network pathway (RNN-WDCNN) capable of operating on raw temporal signals such as vibration data to diagnose rolling element bearing faults in data acquired from electromechanical drive systems. RNN-WDCNN combines elements of recurrent neural networks (RNNs) and convolutional neural networks (CNNs) to capture distant dependencies in time series data and suppress high-frequency noise in the input signals. Experimental results on the benchmark Case Western Reserve University (CWRU) bearing fault dataset show RNN-WDCNN outperforms current state-of-the-art methods in both domain adaptation and noise rejection tasks.

Keywords: artificial intelligence; condition monitoring; deep learning; fault diagnosis.