Burnout Among Urologists from Denmark and Michigan

Urology. 2020 Sep 9;S0090-4295(20)31110-9. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2020.07.066. Online ahead of print.


Objective: To investigate the prevalence of burnout among Danish and American urologists.

Methods: An email invitation was sent with 2 reminders spaced by 14 days intervals to members of the Danish Urological Association and urologists at the University of Michigan to participate in a survey consisting of the 2 item Maslach Burnout Inventory. Burnout was defined as reporting "once a week," "a few times a week," or "everyday" on either the emotional exhaustion or depersonalization domains of the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Two open-ended questions were added to the survey for the Danish urologists, these were then qualitatively analyzed using thematic analysis. Categorial variables were compared using Chi square analysis.

Results: The response rate was 193 of 387 (49.9%) for the Danish urologists and 43 of 64 (67.1%) among American urologists. The prevalence of burnout for the American and Danish cohorts was identified in 4 (44.4%) of the American residents and 10 (32.3%) of the American attendings compared to 2 (3%) of Danish residents and 16 (12.7%) of Danish attendings. The difference in rate of burnout between Danish residents and attendings was statistically significant (P= .03). Burnout was statistically significantly different between American and Danish residents (P<.01) and attendings (P <.01). There was a statistically significant difference in rates of burnout between American and the Danish female urologists (P = .02) and similarly among male urologists (P <.01).

Conclusion: This study demonstrated low rates of burnout among Danish urologists and a significant difference in burnout between residents and attendings from Michigan compared to Danish residents and attendings.