Understanding the mechanisms involved in induction and regulation of the immune and inflammatory response to Helicobacter pylori is extremely important in determining disease outcomes. H pylori expresses a plethora of factors that influence the host response. Vaccines against H pylori are desperately needed for the prevention of gastric carcinogenesis, especially with the increasing trends in antimicrobial resistance. This review summarizes some important findings, published between 1 April 2019 and 31 March 2020, in the areas of H pylori-mediated inflammation, immunity and vaccines.
Keywords: Helicobacter pylori; adaptive immunity; cytokines; inflammation; innate immunity; vaccines.
© 2020 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.