NIR associated to PLS and SVM for fast and non-destructive determination of C, N, P, and K contents in poultry litter

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2021 Jan 15;245:118834. doi: 10.1016/j.saa.2020.118834. Epub 2020 Aug 26.


Using near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy for poultry litter characterization can be a rapid, non-destructive, and low-cost alternative. This study aims to estimate the C, N, P, and K content in poultry litter samples using for first time NIR spectroscopy. For these purposes, the building models were carried out using Partial Least Squares (PLS) and Support Vector Machines (SVM) methods. A total of 160 litter samples were analyzed in poultry houses of different rearing systems, seeking the highest possible variability in their chemical composition. NIR spectroscopy, combined with PLS and SVM methods, is an alternative method for non-destructive C, N, P, and K determination in poultry samples. The regression models using SVM provide better accuracy for all elements, laying the basis for the nonlinear regression approach's application. The K determination on poultry litter using NIR was possible only by the SVM model (R2 = 0.8620 and RPD = 2.7330). Conclusively, the predictive ability was improved using the SVM method.

Keywords: Near-infrared; Organic manures; Support vector machines.