Functional anatomy of the respiratory muscles

Clin Chest Med. 1988 Jun;9(2):175-93.


To keep arterial blood gases within acceptable limits, air must be moved rhythmically in and out of the lungs. Such a displacement is accomplished through the expansion/deflation of the chest wall, which results normally from the action of a number of skeletal muscles. To understand how this vital pump works, it is necessary to have a clear understanding of the anatomy and the function of these muscles.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Lung Volume Measurements
  • Respiration*
  • Respiratory Muscles / anatomy & histology*
  • Respiratory Muscles / physiology