Respiratory muscles and dyspnea

Clin Chest Med. 1988 Jun;9(2):237-48.


This article reviews the classical basis on which dyspnea is identified and quantified. The sensation or sensations of discomfort experienced during breathing are then viewed using a background of sensory physiology. Exploiting psychophysical techniques, the origin of the sensation of discomfort is viewed within the constraints of the presently-known sensory structures. The contribution of these sensory structures to the quality and quantity of discomfort is suggested, indicating the central role played by the respiratory muscles.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Dyspnea / etiology*
  • Dyspnea / psychology
  • Humans
  • Muscle Contraction
  • Physical Exertion
  • Respiration*
  • Respiratory Muscles / physiology*
  • Sensation / physiology*