Our aim in this study was to evaluate the effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) by means of diode laser bio-stimulation compared to Teriparatide in induced osteoporosis in rats. A total of 45 adult female Egyptian albino rats were used. Rats were divided into five groups: normal control, osteoporotic control, Teriparatide (TPTD) group (T), laser group (L), and laser and teriparatide (T+L) combination group. Osteoporosis was induced by performing double ovariectomy in rats. Lower jaws and left femurs were dissected. The specimens were tested using a Computed tomography unit, scanning EM (SEM) equipped with Energy Dispersive X-Ray Analyzer, and Rat PINP ELISA Kit. The histopathologic examination of experimental rat jaws and femurs revealed changes in bone architecture among the various groups throughout the experiment. CT examination showed a noticeable difference in radiodensity between jaw and femur bones. By SEM, bones of the Normal Control (NC) group showed normal bone porosity. However, bones of the Osteoporotic Control (OC) group showed a great difference as bone pores were large and numerous with irregular outlines. The ELISA test for PINP concentration showed a steady rise in the PINP concentrations in OC, T, L and T+L groups. We concluded that TPTD has osteogenic potential and is capable to enhance bone architecture by inducing the formation of new well-organized bone with narrower bone pore diameter. LLLT can be used as a good alternative local treatment strategy with minimal side effects and superior outcomes.
Keywords: Osteoporosis; amino terminal propeptide of type I procollagen; bone porosity; low level laser therapy; teriparatide.
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