Angiogenesis is a hallmark of glioblastoma (GBM) and remains an important therapeutic target in its treatment, especially for recurrent GBM. GBMs are characterized by the release of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), an important regulator and promoter of angiogenesis. Therefore, antiangiogenic therapies (AATs) targeting VEGF or VEGF receptors (VEGFRs) were designed and thought to be an effective tool for controlling the growth of GBM. However, recent results of different clinical trials using humanized monoclonal antibodies against VEGF (bevacizumab), as well as tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) that target different VEGFRs alone or in combination with other therapeutic agents demonstrated mixed results, with the majority of reports indicating that GBM developed resistance against antiangiogenic treatments.
Keywords: Angiogenesis; Glioblastoma; Tyrosine kinase inhibitors.