Progressive Proteome Changes in the Myocardium of a Pig Model for Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

iScience. 2020 Sep 1;23(9):101516. doi: 10.1016/j.isci.2020.101516. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), caused by mutations in the dystrophin gene, is characterized by progressive muscle weakness. Even though DMD manifests first in skeletal muscle, heart failure is a major cause of death in late-stage DMD. To get insights into DMD-associated cardiomyopathy, we performed a proteome analysis of myocardium from a genetically engineered porcine DMD model resembling clinical and pathological hallmarks of human DMD. To capture DMD progression, samples from 2-day- and 3-month-old animals were analyzed. Dystrophin was absent in all DMD samples, and components of the dystrophin-associated protein complex were decreased, suggesting destabilization of the cardiomyocyte plasma membrane and impaired cellular signaling. Furthermore, abundance alterations of proteins known to be associated with human cardiomyopathy were observed. Compared with data from skeletal muscle, we found clear evidence that DMD progression in myocardium is not only slower than in skeletal muscle but also involves different biological and biochemical pathways.

Keywords: Pathophysiology; Proteomics.