The modification of tyrosine residues of DNA polymerase I Klenow fragment from E. coli by acetylimidazole has been investigated. This reagent was shown to inactivate both polymerization and 3',5'-exonuclease activities but with different velocity. The poly(dT)-template and r(pA)10-primer each added separately to the enzyme have no notable influence on the rate of enzyme inactivation. Simultaneous presence of both template and primer increases the rate of inactivation. In the presence of poly(dT).r(pA) 10 there is not effect of dCTP and dTTP (noncomplementary to the template) on the rate of inactivation of polymerization activity. However, dATP complementary to the template, provides a complete protection. A weak protective action is detected in the presence of dADP. Orthophosphate, pyrophosphate and dAMP each taken separately increase the rate and the level of the enzyme inactivation. dAMP together with either ortho- or pyrophosphate have the same protective action as ATP. All data obtained allow to suggest the functional significance for polymerization activity of tyrosine located in the dNTP binding site of DNA polymerase I.