UV-C treatment is a commonly known technique to inactivate microorganisms. The objective of this work was to investigate the impact of UV-C treatment of grape must on the sensory characteristics of the resulting wine and on the profile of volatile compounds of grape must and wine. Different UV-C doses were applied to Riesling must and compared with thermal pasteurization. The sensory off-flavor "ATA" and a content of 0.5 µg/L 2-aminoacetophenone were determined in the grape must and in the resulting wine after UV-C treatment with a high dose of 21 kJ/L. Sensory off-flavors did neither occur after thermal pasteurization nor after UV-C treatment with a dose of 2 kJ/L, which is sufficient for the inactivation of microorganisms. Minor changes in the volatiles' profiles of grape must and wine, involving e.g. terpenes and C13-norisoprenoids, occurred in musts treated with thermal pasteurization as well as with a UV-C dose of 2 kJ/L.
Keywords: 2-Aminoacetophenone; Atypical aging; Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography; Grape must; Rate-all-that-apply; UV-C; Wine; β-Damascenone.
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