First example of the use of 4-(4,6-dimethoxy-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)-4-methyl-morpholinium chloride (DMTMM) as cross-linking agent for the development of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) films for food packaging is reported. Influence of different wt % of DMTMM and glycerol on the physical-mechanical properties of CMC films was investigated. The presence of DMTMM effectively improved moisture uptake, moisture content, water vapour permeability, water solubility of the films, oil resistance together with good biodegradability. Best compromise between high water resistance, vapour permeability and mechanical properties was accomplished with 5 wt % DMTMM and 50 wt % glycerol giving tensile strength and elongation at break of 52.25 ± 4.33 and 37.32 ± 2.04 respectively. DSC, TGA and SEM analysis further confirmed CMC cross-linking by DMTMM. All films prepared showed low opacity and high transparencies. Therefore, data reported show that DMTMM can efficiently cross-link CMC to produce films for food packaging.
Keywords: Carboxymethyl cellulose; DMTMM; Film; Food packaging; Glycerol.
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