The Child & Youth CompreHensIve Longitudinal Database for Deep Brain Stimulation (CHILD-DBS)

Childs Nerv Syst. 2021 Feb;37(2):607-615. doi: 10.1007/s00381-020-04880-4. Epub 2020 Sep 15.


Purpose: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a common tool for the treatment of movement disorders in adults; however, it remains an emerging treatment modality in children with a growing number of indications, including epilepsy and dystonia. The Child & Youth CompreHensIve Longitudinal Database of DBS (CHILD-DBS) study aims to prospectively collect relevant data on quality of life (QoL), safety, efficacy, and long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes following DBS in children.

Methods: Data are collected and managed using the Research Electronic Data Capture (REDCap). This database aims to collect multicentre comprehensive and longitudinal clinical, QoL, imaging and electrophysiologic data for children under the age of 19 undergoing DBS.

Results: Both general and indication-specific measures are collected at baseline and at four time points postoperatively: 6 months, 1 year, 2 years, and 3 years. The database encompasses QoL metrics for children, including the PedsQL (Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory, generic), QOLCE (Quality of Life in Childhood Epilepsy Questionnaire, parent-rated), CHU 9D (Child Health Utility 9D), and KIDSCREEN. Caregiver clinical and QoL metrics, including QIDS (Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology), GAD-7 (Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale), and CarerQoL-7D (The Care-related Quality of Life Instrument), are similarly prospectively collected. Healthcare resource utilization is also assessed before and after DBS. Lastly, stimulation parameters and radiographic and electrophysiologic data are collected within the database.

Conclusions: The development of the current prospective paediatric DBS database with carefully selected physical and psychosocial outcomes and assessments will complement existing efforts to enhance and facilitate multisite collaboration to further understand the role of DBS in childhood.

Keywords: Deep brain stimulation; Health resource utilization; Neuroimaging; Paediatric; Quality of life; Registry.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Deep Brain Stimulation*
  • Dystonia*
  • Dystonic Disorders* / therapy
  • Humans
  • Quality of Life
  • Treatment Outcome