Cohort profile: the ChicagO Multiethnic Prevention and Surveillance Study (COMPASS)

BMJ Open. 2020 Sep 16;10(9):e038481. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-038481.

Abstract

Purpose: The ChicagO Multiethnic Prevention and Surveillance Study or 'COMPASS' is a population-based cohort study with a goal to examine the risk and determinants of cancer and chronic disease. COMPASS aims to address factors causing and/or exacerbating health disparities using a precision health approach by recruiting diverse participants in Chicago, with an emphasis on those historically underrepresented in biomedical research.

Participants: Nearly 8000 participants have been recruited from 72 of the 77 Chicago community areas. Enrolment entails the completion of a 1-hour long survey, consenting for past and future medical records from all sources, the collection of clinical and physical measurement data and the on-site collection of biological samples including blood, urine and saliva. Indoor air monitoring data and stool samples are being collected from a subset of participants. On collection, all biological samples are processed and aliquoted within 24 hours before long-term storage and subsequent analysis.

Findings to date: The cohort reported an average age of 53.7 years, while 80.5% identified as African-American, 5.7% as Hispanic and 47.8% as men. Over 50% reported earning less than US$15 000 yearly, 35% were obese and 47.8% were current smokers. Moreover, 38% self-reported having had a diagnosis of hypertension, while 66.4% were measured as hypertensive at enrolment.

Future plans: We plan to expand recruitment up to 100 000 participants from the Chicago metropolitan area in the next decade using a hybrid community and clinic-based recruitment framework that incorporates data collection through mobile medical units. Follow-up data collection from current cohort members will include serial samples, as well as longitudinal health, lifestyle and behavioural assessment. We will supplement self-reported data with electronic medical records, expand the collection of biometrics and biosamples to facilitate increasing digital epidemiological study designs and link to state and/or national level databases to ascertain outcomes. The results and findings will inform potential opportunities for precision disease prevention and mitigation in Chicago and other urban areas with a diverse population.

Registration: NA.

Keywords: epidemiology; preventive medicine; public health.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • African Americans*
  • Chicago / epidemiology
  • Chronic Disease
  • Cohort Studies
  • Hispanic Americans*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged