Be Active and Be Well? A Cross-sectional Survey of US Anesthesia Residents

J Educ Perioper Med. 2020 Apr 1;22(2):E640. doi: 10.46374/volxxii-issue2-nizamuddin. eCollection Apr-Jun 2020.

Abstract

Background: Wellness among resident physicians is important to their well-being and ability to provide clinical care. The relationship between physical activity and wellness among anesthesia residents has not yet been evaluated. We surveyed anesthesia residents to evaluate their levels of physical activity and self-perceived wellness scores. We hypothesized that residents with high self-reported physical activity levels would be more likely to have higher wellness scores.

Methods: Three hundred and twenty-three anesthesia residents were invited to participate in this cross-sectional survey study. The survey included questions regarding demographics (age, gender, clinical anesthesia year, work hours), physical activity (based off the US Department of Health and Human Services [USDHHS] guidelines), and wellness (using the Satisfaction With Life Scale). The relationship between wellness and physical activity levels was evaluated.

Results: One hundred forty-one residents responded (43.6% response rate). Thirty-eight (27.1%) residents met our activity threshold for physically active. Eighty-six respondents (61.4%) were classified as having high wellness based on their survey answers. No significant associations were found between demographic data and wellness, including age or clinical anesthesia training year. Among those residents who described physical activity consistent with USDHHS guidelines, 29 (76.3%) had high wellness scores. After logistic regression analysis, residents who achieved the physical activity guidelines were more likely to have high wellness scores (odds ratio 2.54, 95% confidence interval 1.13-6.20, P value .03).

Conclusions: Anesthesia resident physicians with high physical activity levels had higher self-perceived wellness scores.

Keywords: Residency; burnout; exercise; life quality; physical activity; wellness programs.