Background: To date, there is no consensus on when and how to perform acromioplasty during rotator cuff repair (RCR). We aimed to determine the volume of impinging bone removed during acromioplasty and whether it influences postoperative range of motion (ROM) and clinical scores after RCR.
Methods: Preoperative and postoperative computed tomography scans of 57 shoulders that underwent RCR were used to reconstruct scapula models to simulate volumes of impinging acromial bone preoperatively and then compare them to the volumes of bone resected postoperatively to calculate the proportions of desired (ideal) vs. unnecessary (excess) resections. All patients were evaluated preoperatively and at 6 months to assess ROM and functional scores.
Results: The volume of impinging bone identified was 3.5 ± 2.3 cm3, of which 1.6 ± 1.2 cm3 (50% ± 27%) was removed during acromioplasty. The volume of impinging bone identified was not correlated with preoperative critical shoulder angle (r = 0.025, P = .853), nor with glenoid inclination (r = -0.024, P = .857). The volume of bone removed was 3.7 ± 2.2 cm3, of which 2.1 ± 1.6 cm3 (53% ± 24%) were unnecessary resections. Multivariable analyses revealed that more extensive removal of impinging bone significantly improved internal rotation with the arm at 90° of abduction (beta, 27.5, P = .048) but did not affect other shoulder movements or clinical scores.
Conclusions: Acromioplasty removed only 50% of the estimated volume of impinging acromial bone. More extensive removal of impinging bone significantly improved internal rotation with the arm at 90° of abduction.
Keywords: CT reconstruction; Shoulder; acromioplasty; bone volume; internal rotation; range of motion; rotator cuff repair; subacromial impingement.
© 2020 The Author(s).