Effectiveness of neurobic exercise program on memory and depression among elderly residing at old age home

J Complement Integr Med. 2020 Sep 17:/j/jcim.ahead-of-print/jcim-2019-0221/jcim-2019-0221.xml. doi: 10.1515/jcim-2019-0221. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Objectives This study finds out the effectiveness of neurobic exercise program on memory and depression among elderly residing in old age homes. Methods The non-probability purposive sampling technique was used for sample selection. Wechsler's memory scale (WMS-IV) and Geriatric depression scale (GDS) were the instruments used to assess the memory and depression among elderly during the pretest and posttest, respectively and the researcher had developed data sheet to collect information about the background variables using interview technique. Results The neurobic exercise program was found to be effective in reducing depression among elderly residing in old age homes. There was a significant difference (p<0.001) in the level of depression had been found during the pretest and posttest in the interventional group. There was a statistically significant difference (p<0.001) found between the study group and in the control group. There was significant correlation (r=0.417, p<0.05) found between the memory and depression during the pretest in the study group among the elderly. A statistically significant association (p<0.05) found in the mean scores of depression and marital status of the elderly during the pretest in the study group and there was a significant association (p<0.01) found in the mean scores of depression and the gender of the elderly during the pretest and posttest in the non interventional group were found. Conclusions The findings suggested that neurobic exercise program is an effective intervention in improving memory and reducing depression.

Keywords: GDS, geriatric depression scale; HBM, health belief model; NEP, neurobic exercise program; WMS-IV scale, wechsler memory scale- IV.