Background: Laser photocoagulation (LPC) is a surgical procedure used in the treatment of premature retinopathy that may cause retinal detachment and blindness if not diagnosed and treated early. The anesthesia method used in LPC varies from sedoanalgesia to general anesthesia and airway management varies from spontaneous ventilation to endotracheal intubation. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of sedoanalgesia applications and this anesthesia procedure concerning intraoperative and postoperative complications by avoiding intubation and mechanical ventilation in premature infants with a fragile population.
Methods: This retrospective study included 89 patients who underwent laser photocoagulation under anesthesia for premature retinopathy. Patients' demographic characteristics, preoperative risk factors, anesthesia technique, especially airway management, changes in ventilation status during surgery, intraoperative complications, postoperative complications, and intensive care follow-up, were recorded and analyzed statistically.
Results: Two of the 89 patients who underwent laser photocoagulation were excluded from this study because they were followed up intubated. The number of patients who received mask ventilation due to intraoperative complications was 12 (13.8%). The mean operation time was 36.2±10.1 minutes. In 86.2% (n=75) of the patients, the surgical procedure was completed with sedoanalgesia while maintaining spontaneous ventilation.
Conclusion: Sedoanalgesia application during the surgical intervention of patients with Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) requiring early diagnosis and emergency treatment will minimize intraoperative and postoperative complications. We believe that sedoanalgesia as an anesthetic method can be applied as an effective alternative method while preserving spontaneous ventilation.